The following groups perform research in this area:
Molecular mechanisms of T cell activation and differentiation
We are interested in understanding how T cells, central actors of adaptive immune responses, become activated when they encounter foreign substances. Dissecting the molecular underpinning of this process may lead to the discovery new and more effective ways to diagnose, prevent and heal immune dysfunction...
DNA repair mechanisms and human disease
Our genome is constantly exposed to various types of DNA damage, both endogenous and exogenous. It has been estimated that the DNA in every cell of our body suffers thousands of DNA lesions per day, which, if left unattended, can lead to mutations and/or cell death. Our cells have evolved a variety of mechanisms to counteract...
Deciphering the emerging functions of caspases
Most of the scientific focus on the evolutionarily conserved family of caspases has been aimed at understanding their role as key regulators of cell death. However, recent evidence suggests the involvement of these proteins in alternative cellular functions such as cell proliferation, cell differentiation and cell migration...
Structural cell biology of bacterial biofilm formation
Rather than living as single, isolated cells in liquid cultures, most bacteria on this planet form macroscopic, surface-attached, multi-cellular communities known as biofilms. Bacterial biofilms play a role in many diseases and medical conditions including cystic fibrosis, bone, wound and urinary tract infections....
Organelle biogenesis and homeostasis
A defining feature of eukaryotic cells is the presence of a variety of membrane-bound organelles. Each one of these organelles has a specialized set of functions and a unique identity conferred by a distinct set of lipid and protein molecules. Our lab studies how organelle identity, function and architecture is generated and...
Genome Stability and Cell Cycle
Our research goal is to elucidate how proliferating human cells safeguard their genomic DNA against various stresses coming from the environment (e.g., UV, radiation, chemicals) and from normal processes of cell growth (e.g., metabolic byproducts, DNA replication, transcription).
Cell biology of intercellular signalling
The main questions we study are what cellular mechanisms regulate signalling between animal cells, and how does that signalling control biological functions like physiology, development and pathology?
Molecular cell biology of Leishmania
We study single-celled parasites called Leishmania, which cause disease in humans and animals in over 88 countries around the world. Leishmaniasis is a neglected disease, associated with poverty and conflict. There is currently no vaccine and an urgent need for better drug treatments.
Regulation of mitotic progression and chromosome segregation
Cell division is the fundamental basis for growth and development of an organism. Millions of cell divisions have to occur before an organism reaches its final size. Throughout the life span of an organism, blood, skin and intestinal cells have to be constantly replaced by further cell division. High fidelity...
DNA replication and genome stability
Complete, accurate replication of the genome is crucial for life. Errors during DNA replication give rise to mutations that cause genetic disease; failures during genome replication directly underlie several human disorders. DNA replication is the direct target of many chemotherapeutic agents.